4. Parser

Parser

Ex 1. Implement term.

This is the grammar rule:

Term       <- Factor [*/] Term
            | Factor

Assume that the function factor is already implemented.

import Data.Char

data Operator = Plus | Minus | Times | Div
    deriving (Show, Eq)

data Token = TokOp Operator
           | TokAssign
           | TokLParen
           | TokRParen
           | TokIdent String
           | TokNum Double
           | TokEnd
    deriving (Show, Eq)

operator :: Char -> Operator
operator c | c == '+' = Plus
           | c == '-' = Minus
           | c == '*' = Times
           | c == '/' = Div
 
tokenize :: String -> [Token]
tokenize [] = []
tokenize (c : cs) 
    | elem c "+-*/" = TokOp (operator c) : tokenize cs
    | c == '='  = TokAssign : tokenize cs
    | c == '('  = TokLParen : tokenize cs
    | c == ')'  = TokRParen : tokenize cs
    | isDigit c = number c cs
    | isAlpha c = identifier c cs
    | isSpace c = tokenize cs
    | otherwise = error $ "Cannot tokenize " ++ [c]

identifier :: Char -> String -> [Token]
identifier c cs = let (name, cs') = span isAlphaNum cs in
                  TokIdent (c:name) : tokenize cs'

number :: Char -> String -> [Token]
number c cs = 
   let (digs, cs') = span isDigit cs in
   TokNum (read (c : digs)) : tokenize cs'

---- parser ----

data Tree = SumNode Operator Tree Tree
          | ProdNode Operator Tree Tree
          | AssignNode String Tree
          | UnaryNode Operator Tree
          | NumNode Double
          | VarNode String
    deriving Show

lookAhead :: [Token] -> Token
lookAhead [] = TokEnd
lookAhead (t:ts) = t

accept :: [Token] -> [Token]
accept [] = error "Nothing to accept"
accept (t:ts) = ts

expression :: [Token] -> (Tree, [Token])
expression toks = 
   let (termTree, toks') = term toks
   in
      case lookAhead toks' of
         (TokOp op) | elem op [Plus, Minus] -> 
            let (exTree, toks'') = expression (accept toks') 
            in (SumNode op termTree exTree, toks'')
         TokAssign ->
            case termTree of
               VarNode str -> 
                  let (exTree, toks'') = expression (accept toks') 
                  in (AssignNode str exTree, toks'')
               _ -> error "Only variables can be assigned to"
         _ -> (termTree, toks')
-- show
term :: [Token] -> (Tree, [Token])
term toks = undefined

factor :: [Token] -> (Tree, [Token])
--/show
factor toks = 
   case lookAhead toks of
      (TokNum x)     -> (NumNode x, accept toks)
      (TokIdent str) -> (VarNode str, accept toks)
      (TokOp op) | elem op [Plus, Minus] -> 
            let (facTree, toks') = factor (accept toks) 
            in (UnaryNode op facTree, toks')
      TokLParen      -> 
         let (expTree, toks') = expression (accept toks)
         in
            if lookAhead toks' /= TokRParen 
            then error "Missing right parenthesis"
            else (expTree, accept toks')
      _ -> error $ "Parse error on token: " ++ show toks

parse :: [Token] -> Tree
parse toks = let (tree, toks') = expression toks
             in
               if null toks' 
               then tree
               else error $ "Leftover tokens: " ++ show toks'
-- show
main = (print . parse . tokenize) "x1 = -15 / (2 + x2)"
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