3. Tokenizer

Ex 1. Write a function that takes an Operator and returns one of the characters, '+', '-', '*', or '/'.

data Operator = Plus | Minus | Times | Div

opToChar :: Operator -> Char
opToChar = undefined

main = print $ opToChar Plus

Lists

Ex 1. Implement norm that takes a list of Doubles and returns the square root (sqrt) of the sum of squares of its elements.

norm :: [Double] -> Double
norm lst = undefined

main = print (norm [1.1, 2.2, 3.3])

Ex 2. Implement the function decimate that skips every other element of a list.

decimate :: [a] -> [a]
decimate = undefined

-- should print [1, 3, 5]
main = print (decimate [1, 2, 3, 4, 5])

Ex 3. Implement a function that takes a pair of lists and returns a list of pairs. For instance ([1, 2, 3, 4], [1, 4, 9]) should produce [(1, 1), (2, 4), (3, 9)]. Notice that the longer of the two lists is truncated if necessary. Use nested patterns.

zipLst :: ([a], [b]) -> [(a, b)]
zipLst = undefined

main = print $ zipLst ([1, 2, 3, 4], "Hello")

Single-Character Tokenizer

import Data.Char

data Operator = Plus | Minus | Times | Div
    deriving (Show, Eq)

data Token = TokOp Operator
           | TokIdent String
           | TokNum Int
    deriving (Show, Eq)

operator :: Char -> Operator
operator c | c == '+' = Plus
           | c == '-' = Minus
           | c == '*' = Times
           | c == '/' = Div

tokenize :: String -> [Token]
tokenize [] = []
tokenize (c : cs) 
    | elem c "+-*/" = TokOp (operator c) : tokenize cs
    | isDigit c  = TokNum (digitToInt c) : tokenize cs
    | isAlpha c  = TokIdent [c]          : tokenize cs
    | isSpace c  = tokenize cs
    | otherwise  = error $ "Cannot tokenize " ++ [c]

main = print $ tokenize " 1 + 4 / x "

Lambdas

\x -> expression

Ex 1. Implement function squares that takes a list of integers and returns the list of their squares. Use higher order functions and lambdas.

squares :: [Int] -> [Int]
squares = undefined

main = print $ squares [1..10]

Folding

foldl :: (a -> b -> a) -> a -> [b] -> a

Ex 1. Use foldl to calculate the sum of squares given a list of doubles.

squares :: [Int] -> Int
squares = foldl (\acc x -> ???) 0

main = print $ squares [3, 4, 5]
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